Passivo

Il PASSIVO è una forma verbale in cui il soggetto subisce l’azione (anziché farla), è formato dal verbo essere e dal participio passato e può essere seguito dal complemento d’agente o di causa efficiente che si forma con la preposizione by seguita da un nome o da un pronome complemento.

soggetto + be + participio passato + by con nome

America was discovered by Colombo

 

present simple

am / is / are + part. pass.

these jeans are made in Italy

present continuous

am / is / are + being + part. pass.

the document is being typed

past simple

was / were + part. pass.

Tom was called by Susan

past continuous

was / were + being + part. pass.

the song was being listened

present perfect simple

has / have been + part. pass.

the meal has been cooked

past perfect simple

had been + part. pass.

the postcard had been sent

future

will be + part. pass.

the house will be decorated

modali

modale + be + part. pass.

the document can be printed