Discorso Indiretto

Il DISCORSO INDIRETTO è un discorso riportato.

“suono la chitarra” — ha detto che suonava la chitarra

 

Quando il discorso viene riportato, i tempi usati nel discorso diretto vengono modificati nel discorso indiretto, come nella tabella seguente.

MODIFICHE DEI TEMPI

present simplepast simple

“I play the guitar” — he said that he played the guitar

present continuouspast continuous

“I am playing the guitar” — he said that he was playing the guitar

past simplepast perfect simple

“I played the guitar” — he said that he had played the guitar

past continuouspast perfect continuous

“I was playing the guitar” — he said that he had been playing the guitar

present perfect simplepast perfect simple

“I have played the guitar” — he said that he had played the guitar

present perfect continuouspast perfect continuous

“I have been playing the guitar” — he said that he had been playing the guitar

past perfect simplepast perfect simple

“I had played the guitar” — he said that he had played the guitar

past perfect continuouspast perfect continuous

“I had been playing the guitar” — he said that he had been playing the guitar

future condizionale presente

“I will play the guitar” — he said that he would play the guitar

 

Anche altri elementi della frase usati nel discorso diretto vengono modificati nel discorso indiretto, come nella tabella seguente.

ALTRE MODIFICHE

nowthen

I’m playing the guitar now — he said that he was playing the guitar then

todaythat day

I’m playing the guitar today — he said that he was playing the guitar that day

yesterdaythe day before

I played the guitar yesterday — he said that he had played the guitar the day before

last weekthe week before

I played the guitar last week — he said that he had played the guitar the week before

tomorrowthe following day

I will play the guitar tomorrow — he said that he would play the guitar the following day

next weekthe following week

I will play the guitar next week — he said that he would play the guitar the following week

herethere

I’m playing the guitar here — he said that he was playing the guitar there

thisthat

I play this guitar — he said that he played that guitar

aggettivo possessivoin base alla persona

I play my guitar — he said that he played his guitar